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How To - Use the Citation Style Guides: Introduction

What is the guide about?


What is the Citation Style Guide?

This guide is meant to assist you in citing source material using the most commonly used citation styles. This guide is meant only as a starting point and is, by no means, inclusive.


Why should I cite?

Well, mainly, because your professor expects you to. That said, citing your sources also shows that you have done research using authoritative sources. Also, bibliographies act as further reading lists and help guide the reader of your paper to additional sources on that particular topic.


What is a citation?

Webster's Dictionary defines "citation" as the act of citing a passage from a book, or from another person, in his own words; also, the passage or words quoted; quotation.


Which style should I use?

In many cases, your professor will tell you which style they prefer. If they don't, here's a general break down:


APA: Psychology, Education and other Social Sciences.

Chicago: History

MLA: Literature, Arts and the Humanities

Turabian: History


What is a bibliography?

The American Heritage Dictionary defines "bibliography" as a list of writings used or considered by an author in preparing a particular work.


How are they different?

Often times, we used citation and bibliography to mean the same thing. Sometimes, we also use the terms "reference list" or "works cited." However, technically, a citation is used for something you quote from and a bibliography is a list of every source you use to write your paper -- whether you quote from it or not.



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