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You Know It's Scholarly, Academic, or "Peer-Reviewed" if....
- Articles are long, and provide in-depth analysis
- Author is usually is an expert or specialist in field. Name and credentials always provided
- Written for scholarly readers and academic audiences (professors, researchers, or students)
- Includes special sections, such as abstract, literature review, results, conclusion, bibliography
- Includes organized data, such as tables of statistics, graphs, maps, or other data
- Reviewed and critically evaluated by a board of experts in the field. Articles may be referred to as "peer-reviewed", "juried", or "refereed"
- Includes a bibliography (works ctied) and/or footnotes to document thorough research.
Adapted from University of Texas at Austin (USTA) Libraries: http://libguides.utsa.edu/scholarly
Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning is an example of a peer-reviewed journal.
You Know It's Popular or General if....
- Articles are shorter, providing broader overviews of topics.
- Author is usually a staff writer or a journalist. Name and credentials are often not provided.
- Written for general audiences; articles are able to be understood by most people.
- Articles are simply structured, without special sections (no abstract, no bibliography, etc.).
- Include illustrations with glossy or color photographs, usually for advertising purposes.
- Articles are not evaluated by experts in the field, but by editors on a staff.
- A bibliography (works cited) is usually not provided, although names of reports or references may be mentioned in the text.
Adapted rom University of Texas at Austin (USTA) Libraries: http://lib.utsa.edu/Research/Subject/scholarlyguide.html.
Climbing is an example of a popular resource.