- Articles are long, and provide in-depth analysis
- Author is usually is an expert or specialist in field. Name and credentials always provided
- Written for scholarly readers and academic audiences (professors, researchers, or students)
- Includes special sections, such as abstract, literature review, results, conclusion, bibliography
- Includes organized data, such as tables of statistics, graphs, maps, or other data
- Reviewed and critically evaluated by a board of experts in the field. Articles may be referred to as "peer-reviewed", "juried", or "refereed"
- Includes a bibliography (works ctied) and/or footnotes to document thorough research.
Adapted from University of Texas at Austin (USTA) Libraries: http://lib.utsa.edu/Research/Subject/scholarlyguide.html.
Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning is an example of a peer-reviewed journal.