Subjects: Citation Guides

Chicago Citation Style

Note: The following examples are for the bibliographic (humanities) version of Chicago. For examples on the Chicago author-date system used mainly in physical, natural and social sciences, visit the Chicago Manual of Style Quick Guide.


The following citations are color coded to help you identify the various parts of the citation.

Books

Print:
Printed books are ones you can hold in your hands.

Format:

Author(s) or Editor(s), ed. Book Title. City, State (or Country) of publisher: Publisher's Name, copyright year.

Example:

Meyer, Stephenie. Twilight. New York: Little, Brown and Co., 2005.

Online Books with DOI:
Online books are any that you need a computer to read. Sometimes they are referred to as eBooks or electronic books.  DOI stands for digital object identifier.  If one is assigned, use this example.  If not, use the example below.

Format:

Author(s)or Editor(s), ed. Book Title. City, State (or Country) of publisherPublisher's Namecopyright year doi:xxxxx 
Example:

Collin, P.HDictionary of BusinessLondonA & C Black2006 doi:123456789

Online without DOI:
Online books are any that you need a computer to read. Sometimes they are referred to as eBooks or electronic books.  DOI stands for digital object identifier.  If one is assigned, use the example above.  If not, use this example.

Format:

Author(s) or Editor(s), ed. Book Title. City, State (or Country) of publisher: Publisher's Name, copyright year. URL.
Example: Collin, P.H. Dictionary of Business. London: A & C Black, 2006. http://www.credoreference.com/vol/525.  




Journals


Print:
Printed journals are periodicals, magazines, newspapers, etc. you can hold in your hands.

Format:

Author(s). "Article Title." Journal Name vol (year): inclusive pages.
Example: Richards, Bernard. "Henry James, Oscar Wilde and Aesthetic Culture." Essays in Criticism 58 (2008): 363-369.
Online Journals with DOI:
Online journals are
periodicals, magazines, newspapers, etc that you need a computer to read. Sometimes they are referred to as eJournals or electronic journals.  DOI stands for digital object identifier.  If one is assigned, use this example.  If not, use the example below.

Format:

Author(s)"Article Title." Journal Name vol (year):inclusive pages. doi:xxxxx.
Example: Armstrong, Stephen.  "Bambi vs. Godzilla: On the Nature, Purpose, and Practice of the Movie Business." Journal of Popular Culture 42 (2009): 554-555. doi:10.1111/j.1540-5931.2009.00696.x .
Online without DOI:
Online journals are periodicals, magazines, newspapers, etc that you need a computer to read. Sometimes they are referred to as eJournals or electronic journals.  DOI stands for digital object identifier.  If one is assigned, use the example above.  If not, use this example.

Format:

Author(s). "Article Title." Journal Name vol (year):inclusive pages. URL.
Example: Gill, A.A. "Sicily Crypts - Where the Dead Don't Sleep." National Geographic 215 (2009): 118-133. http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2009/02/sicily-crypts/gill-text.




Web Sites


Format:

Author (or, if no author is available, the name of the organization responsible for the site). "Title." (or, if no title is available, the name of the organization responsible for the site) Name of the Web Page. Modification Date (or, if no modification date can be determined, include an access date).URL.
Example: American Cancer Society. "Detailed Guide: Castleman Disease." Cancer Reference Information. Accessed October 14, 2011. http://www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/CRI_2_3x.asp?dt=70.